The basic notion of a computer has changed from one massive immobile monolithic box the size of a house, to collective adaptive systems, built from hundreds or thousands of devices, from tiny sensors to warehouse-sized computers, constantly in motion, constantly in flux. Many of these collective adaptive systems have one distinguishing feature: they require the components to collectivise their resources in order to satisfy individual and group goals. In other words, they have a problem of common-pool resource management: who gets allocated how much, and when, and in particular, how is the allocation is to be made fair and sustainable. Political scientist, economist and Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom pioneered a theory of self-governing institutions that communities of people have used to manage waterways, fisheries and forestries. In this work, our goal is two-fold: firstly to specify a computational instantiation of Ostrom's theory for collective adaptive systems comprising only computing components, and secondly to transfer that instantiation to socio-technical systems comprising human and computing components, for example as the basis for fair and sustainable resource allocation in Smart Cities.
Professor Jeremy Pitt is Reader in Intelligent Systems and Deputy Head of the Intelligent Systems & Networks Group in the Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering at Imperial College London. His primary research interest is in the science, technology and application of Multi-Agent Systems, especially in communications. Additional interests are in Affective Computing and Computer-Mediated Communication.
He supports Brentford F.C.