Molecular Devices and Machines. A Journey into Nanoworld

Balzani, V., Vetturi, M., & Credi, A. 2003

Weinhaim, Germany: Wiley-VCH, 2003.

This paper proposes a bottom-up approach that is common in both nanotechnology and information technology. From a collective adaptive systems perspective, a large number of simple components can be integrated and an aimed behavior can emerge.