Studying Complex Adaptive Systems

J. H. Holland

Journal of Systems Science and Complexity 19 (1): 1-8, 2006

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11424-006-0001-z

Used by the SmartSociety project

Starting from the consideration that some of most powerful mathematical tools are of limited help in understanding the development of complex adaptive systems, this paper suggests ways to modify research methods and tools, with an emphasis on the role of computer-based models, to increase our understanding of complex adaptive systems.